As global warming and climate change are changing the dynamic of farming, we also need to change our traditional ways of farming to cope up with the increasing food and other horticultural demands. Considering this house is the future of farming. With ever-increasing temperature due to global warming, in countries like India, it is almost impossible to get a good yield from the farm by traditional methods. Luckily, we might just have the answer to all these problems. Net houses are the future of farming that we all were looking forward to. In states of India like Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, Nethouse farming is getting more and more acceptance due to its ability to stand the harsh environment and low water supply.
In this article, we will discuss briefly how the That house can help us turn the fate of farming in third-world countries like India and Somalia.
A house is a type of shaded room that is used to grow different plants. The advantage of farming in them over traditional methods is that using these, you can control the environmental factors and set them according to the optimal need for plant growth.
As science is advancing, nethouses are becoming more and more advanced. There are many forms but here we will discuss two of the most discussed types of that houses.
Table of Contents
As the name implies these houses are famous due to their low cost and easy maintenance. They are in high demand in India due to the same reason of low installation and maintenance cost. They are also called the shade house. In a low-cost net house, you can control the amount of sunlight, air, and humidity.
This in turn helps to get a maximum of your plant’s growth.
These are optimal for the growth of
- Nursery plants
You can also call them the Elite class. They are a little more sophisticated and are much better at producing high yield from a farm. These houses provide absolute control of environmental factors and the outside environment has no effect on the growth of the plants.
They are made with Hot-dip Galvanized Steel pipes. These pipes provide the basic skeleton for the nethouse and then the agro or anti-Insect net is used to form the covering.
Such a setting makes sure that no insect or pest can harm the plants.
Their uses include
- Medicinal plants
- Nursery plants
- They provide high-quality yield
- They are best at drying the products.
So, this was all about the net house and how they can help in providing a good solution for getting good yield amidst the growing global warming. If you want to read more about them here’s a link to a research paper on the topic, feel free to check it out
If you have any question, feel free to leave in the comment section and we will be happy to help you out. Let us know which other topic you want us to cover. Leave your suggestions in the comment section below. Till then, stay safe and Peace.
|Material||Mono X Mono & Insect Net|
|Grid Size||8 x 6 Mtr. & 8 x 5 Mtr.|
|Top Height||4 Mtr. & 4.5 Mtr.|
|Gi Pipe||3″ & 2.5″ Round Pipe|
|Pipe Thikness||2 MM|
|Net Quality||Mono x Mono 125 Gsm 50% Net|
|Side Net||Insect Net 120 Gsm 40 Mesh|
|Wire Rope||6 MM , 5 MM , 4 MM|
What is a net house, and how does it work?
A net house, also known as a shade house or a net tunnel, is a structure used in agriculture to protect crops from various environmental factors such as strong winds, heavy rainfall, pests, and excessive sunlight. It comprises a framework of poles or pipes covered with a mesh netting that allows for air and water flow while blocking out harmful elements.
The netting used in net houses comes in different shades, ranging from 30% to 90%, depending on the specific crop requirements and the prevailing weather conditions in the area. For example, crops that require more sunlight may be grown under a net with a lower shade percentage, while those that need more protection from the sun may be grown under a higher percentage shade net.
Net houses create a microclimate more suitable for crop growth and development. The netting helps to regulate temperature and humidity levels, reduce wind velocity, and prevent damage from pests and hailstorms. In addition, net houses can help extend the growing season by protecting them during harsh weather.
To use a net house effectively, farmers must monitor the environmental conditions and adjust the shade percentage as necessary. Proper ventilation is also crucial to prevent moisture and fungal growth buildup. With proper maintenance and care, net houses can provide a cost-effective and sustainable solution for crop production in various settings, from small-scale gardens to large commercial farms.
The advantages of net houses over traditional greenhouses.
Net houses offer several advantages over traditional greenhouses. Here are some of the benefits of using net houses for crop production:
- Lower cost: Net houses are generally less expensive to construct and maintain than traditional greenhouses. They require less structural materials and do not need artificial heating or cooling systems, which can significantly reduce energy consumption and operating costs.
- Improved air circulation: The mesh netting used in net houses allows for better air circulation, resulting in healthier and more vigorous plants. This natural ventilation also reduces the risk of diseases and pests.
- Customizable shade levels: Net houses can be covered with different shades of netting, allowing farmers to control the sunlight and shade their crops receive. This flexibility makes it easier to grow various crops in different seasons and climates.
- Protection from environmental factors: Net houses protect from various environmental factors such as strong winds, heavy rainfall, and excessive sunlight. This can help to reduce crop losses and improve yields.
- Sustainable and eco-friendly: Net houses are an eco-friendly alternative to traditional greenhouses, as they consume less energy and require fewer construction materials. They can also be used with other sustainable farming practices, such as organic farming and drip irrigation.
- Versatility: Net houses can be used for various crops, from vegetables and fruits to ornamental plants and flowers. They can also be used in various settings, from small-scale gardens to large commercial farms.
Overall, net houses offer a cost-effective and sustainable solution for crop production. Particularly in regions with mild climates or where the crops do not require strict temperature control. They provide protection from environmental factors, and improve air circulation. They also offer customizable shade levels, making them a versatile and practical option for farmers.
How net houses can help mitigate the effects of climate change on agriculture:
Climate change is a major challenge for agriculture, as it can lead to changes in temperature, rainfall patterns, and extreme weather events that can negatively impact crop production. Net houses can help to mitigate the effects of climate change on agriculture in several ways:
- Protection from extreme weather events: Net houses can protect from extreme weather events such as heavy rain, hail, and high winds, which can damage crops and reduce yields. By protecting crops from these events, net houses can help to maintain stable crop production and reduce losses due to climate-related disasters.
- Regulation of temperature and humidity: The mesh netting used in net houses allows for better temperature and humidity regulation, creating a more favorable microclimate for crop growth. This can help mitigate the effects of temperature extremes and reduce plant heat stress, resulting in healthier and more resilient crops.
- Water conservation: Net houses can be used in conjunction with drip irrigation systems, which can help to conserve water by delivering it directly to the root zone of the plants. This can reduce water loss due to evaporation and runoff, making farming more sustainable and resilient to changes in precipitation patterns.
- Reduced pesticide use: Net houses can provide a physical barrier against pests, reducing the need for pesticides and other chemical treatments that can have negative environmental impacts. By reducing pesticide use, net houses can promote more sustainable and eco-friendly farming practices.
- Crop diversification: Net houses can be used to grow a wider range of crops, including those that are more resilient to climate change. By diversifying crop production, farmers can reduce their dependence on a single crop and mitigate the risk of crop failure due to climate-related factors.
Overall, net houses offer a practical and cost-effective solution for mitigating the effects of climate change on agriculture. By protecting crops from extreme weather events, regulating temperature and humidity, conserving water, reducing pesticide use, and promoting crop diversification, net houses can help to build more resilient and sustainable farming systems that can withstand the challenges of a changing climate.
Net House Construction and Design Considerations
1. Site Selection:
- Choose a location with proper sunlight exposure, adequate drainage, and protection from strong winds or excessive shading.
2. Size and Layout:
- Determine the desired size of the net house based on your production goals and available space.
- Plan the layout to maximize growing area and facilitate efficient movement within the structure.
3. Structural Framework:
- Select a sturdy framework material such as galvanized steel, aluminum, or PVC pipes that can withstand environmental conditions and support the weight of the netting material.
4. Netting Material:
- Choose appropriate netting material with the desired shade percentage and durability suitable for the crops you intend to grow.
5. Roof Design:
- Consider the roof shape and height to optimize light distribution, air circulation, and rainwater drainage.
6. Sidewall Design:
- Decide on the sidewall height and whether they should be fixed or roll-up to regulate temperature and ventilation effectively.
7. Foundation and Anchoring:
- Ensure a strong and stable foundation to anchor the net house securely to the ground, preventing damage from storms or strong winds.
8. Ventilation System:
- Plan for adequate ventilation through vents, doors, or side openings to control temperature, humidity, and prevent disease buildup.
9. Irrigation and Water Management:
- Implement an efficient irrigation system with proper water distribution to meet the specific needs of the crops.
10. Pest and Disease Management:
- Incorporate measures like insect screens and monitoring systems to prevent pests and diseases from entering the net house.
11. Shade System:
- Integrate a shade system to adjust light levels and protect crops from excessive heat during hot periods.
12. Automation and Technology:
- Consider automation and smart technologies for climate control, irrigation, and monitoring, enhancing precision and efficiency.
13. Environmental Control:
- Implement systems for temperature, humidity, and CO2 control to create an optimal growing environment.
14. Access and Pathways:
- Plan for easy access and well-defined pathways within the net house to facilitate crop management and harvest.
15. Sustainability and Energy Efficiency:
- Incorporate eco-friendly practices and energy-efficient solutions to minimize environmental impact and reduce operational costs.
16. Compliance and Regulations:
- Ensure that your net house construction adheres to local building codes and regulations.
17. Budget and Cost Analysis:
- Conduct a comprehensive budget analysis, considering both initial construction costs and ongoing operational expenses.
18. Future Expansion:
- Account for potential future growth and expansion when designing the net house layout.
19. Consultation and Expert Advice:
- Seek guidance from agricultural experts or consultants to optimize the net house design for your specific crops and location.
20. Maintenance Plan:
- Develop a maintenance plan to ensure the net house remains in good condition and operates efficiently over time.
Types of Netting Materials for Net Houses
1. Polyethylene (PE) Netting
Polyethylene netting is a lightweight and affordable option for net houses. It provides protection against insects and pests. PE netting is available in different mesh sizes and can be UV-stabilized for increased durability.
2. Polypropylene (PP) Netting
Polypropylene netting is resistant to rot, chemicals, and UV degradation. It offers good airflow and ventilation, making it suitable for shade purposes, insect control, and crop support.
3. Knitted Shade Cloth
Knitted shade cloth is made from polyethylene or polypropylene and is designed to provide shade to the crops. It comes in various shading percentages, allowing growers to control the amount of sunlight reaching the plants. Knitted shade cloth also offers protection against wind, hail, and insects.
4. Woven Mesh Netting
Woven mesh netting is a durable option that provides excellent protection against pests and insects. It is made from high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polypropylene (PP) and is available in different mesh sizes. Woven mesh netting offers good airflow, light transmission, and resistance to tearing.
5. Insect Netting
Insect netting is specifically designed to keep insects and pests out of the net house. It has a fine mesh that prevents the entry of even the smallest insects while allowing air and light to pass through. Insect netting is typically made from materials such as polyethylene or polypropylene.
6. Anti-Aphid Netting
Anti-aphid netting is designed to prevent aphids and other tiny pests from entering the net house. It has a fine mesh size that creates a physical barrier against aphids while allowing air circulation and light penetration.
7. Bird Netting
Bird netting is used to protect crops from bird damage. It has a larger mesh size to prevent birds from accessing the plants while allowing sunlight and rain to pass through. Bird netting is typically made from polyethylene or polypropylene.
8. Anti-Hail Netting
Anti-hail netting is designed to protect crops from hail damage. It has a strong and durable construction that can withstand hail impact. Anti-hail netting is often made from high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polypropylene (PP).
Consider these different netting materials based on your specific needs, including the desired level of protection, airflow, shading, and environmental conditions. Each type of netting material has its own advantages and suitability for different applications in net houses.
Net House Economic Viability and Profitability Analysis:
1. Initial Investment: Assessing Upfront Costs To determine the economic viability of a net house, it is essential to evaluate the initial investment required. This includes considering costs such as construction materials, labor, site preparation, and necessary infrastructure.
2. Operational Expenses: Calculating Ongoing Costs Ongoing operational expenses play a significant role in determining profitability. These costs encompass labor, irrigation, fertilizers, netting replacement, utilities, and general maintenance. Accurately calculating these expenses is vital for understanding the financial implications of running a net house.
3. Market Demand and Crop Selection Analyzing market demand and selecting suitable crops are critical steps in ensuring profitability. Thorough market research helps identify high-demand crops and niche markets that can generate higher revenues. Understanding consumer preferences, local market dynamics, and pricing trends is crucial for making informed decisions.
4. Yield Potential and Production Capacity Assessing the yield potential and production capacity of the net house is essential for profitability analysis. Factors such as crop cycles, planting density, and expected harvests per year contribute to estimating the net house’s productivity. Accurate projections of crop yields enable better revenue forecasting.
5. Revenue Generation Strategies Developing effective revenue generation strategies is crucial for net house profitability. It involves estimating potential revenue based on market prices, projected yields, and anticipated sales volume. Identifying diverse sales channels, such as direct consumer sales, wholesale markets, or value-added products, can maximize revenue opportunities.
6. Cost of Inputs and Optimization Analyzing the cost of inputs, including seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and other materials, helps determine the net house’s profitability. Exploring cost optimization measures, such as sustainable practices or alternative inputs, can enhance profitability by reducing input expenses.
7. Operational Efficiency Enhancement Improving operational efficiency is key to maximizing net house profitability. Implementing automation, energy-efficient systems, and optimized irrigation and fertilization practices can reduce costs and enhance productivity. Enhancements to labor management, crop scheduling, and inventory control contribute to overall operational efficiency.
8. Risk Assessment and Mitigation Conducting a comprehensive risk assessment is crucial for economic viability. Identifying potential risks such as pest outbreaks, extreme weather events, or market fluctuations helps develop appropriate risk mitigation strategies. Being prepared for unforeseen challenges minimizes potential financial losses.
9. Financial Analysis and Projections Thorough financial analysis, including cash flow projections, return on investment (ROI), and break-even analysis, is essential for assessing net house profitability. Evaluating factors such as depreciation, financing costs, taxes, and potential grants or subsidies contributes to a comprehensive financial assessment.
10. Long-Term Viability and Expansion Evaluating the long-term viability and potential for expansion is crucial for sustainable net house operations. Assessing market trends, identifying opportunities for diversification, and considering value-added products contribute to long-term profitability.
11. Business Planning and Efficient Management Developing a well-defined business plan that includes marketing strategies, cost management, and clear organizational structure is essential for profitability. Efficient resource management, including labor, production schedules, and inventory control, maximizes operational efficiency and financial gains.
12. Seeking Professional Advice Seeking guidance from agricultural economists, financial advisors, or industry experts can provide valuable insights and support for conducting a thorough economic viability and profitability analysis.
Conducting a comprehensive economic viability and profitability analysis is crucial for making informed decisions and ensuring the long-term success of a net house venture. By considering these factors and seeking professional advice when needed, growers can optimize their net house operations and increase profitability.
Net House FAQ
What is a Net house ?
A house type structure which is covered by net or like shaded room that is used to grow different plants. The advantage of farming in them over traditional methods is that using these, you can control the environmental factors and set them according to the optimal need for plant growth.Accordion Sample Description
Where to use Net house ?
It is covers minimum 1 acre land so where the land and Water Quality is Good we can use the that house. Best Environment for house in India are like Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh Etc.
Which crop can we grow in it ?
This structure is basically use for Vegetables and Fruits Like Cucumber, Capsicum, Tometo, Red Cabbage, Broccoli, Yellow Zucchini, Poochi Etc
How Many Types of Net's are use in it ?
Four Types of Net's are used in Net house. These are as following - Shade Net Monofilmanate 50%, Shade Net Tape x Tape 50% , Insect Net , Double net .