Polyhouse Wall Covering :-
Know days provide a basic protected cover for agriculture & horticulture plant, but also polyhouse wall covering offers an impressive range of advantages that finally results in healthier and stronger plants in greenhouse. The prime use of the plastic film is to maintain an ambient temperature control grow vegetable crops. In addition to this, it retains heat in the soil and aid in crop growth.
Poly house farming is mostly perfect option for GDP grow in India. A farmer can profit from protected cultivation farming. But there are many people who aren’t aware of what exactly is a polyhouse or greenhouse hence today in this polyhouse covering materials we will tell you all about polyhouse and its benefits. So let’s start.
Benefits of polyhouse Wall covering
- Your plants are grown under controlled temperature thus there is less chances of crop loss or damage.
- You can grow crops throughout the year and will not have to wait for any particular season.
- There are less pests and insects in a polyhouse.
- External climate will not have any impact of the growth of crops.
- Quality of produce is obviously higher in polyhouse.
- Good drainage and aeration
- Propagation of Ornamental Crops can also be done effortlessly in a polyhouse.
- Poly House gives the right environmental facilities to your plants in any season.
- It also increases yield for about 5 to 10 times.
- Less cropping period
- Fertilizer application is easier and is controlled automatically with the help of drip irrigation.
- Uniform and better quality
- Reduction in labour cost
- Less fertilizer requirement, thus reduction in fertilizer cost.
- Low water requirement thus saving in water.
- Less chances of disease attack, thus reduction in disease control cost.
- Higher Efficiency of Water & Fertilizer Use.
- Cultivation in problematic soil conditions.
- Cultivation in problematic climate conditions.
- Requires less area to get maximum yield and benefits.
Benefits of polyhouse wall coverings for plant cultivation
Polyhouse wall coverings offer several benefits for plant cultivation. Here are some key advantages:
- Protection from External Elements: Polyhouse wall coverings create a barrier between plants and external elements such as extreme weather conditions, wind, rain, hail, and snow. This protection helps to maintain a stable and controlled environment within the polyhouse, providing optimal conditions for plant growth.
- Pest and Disease Control: Polyhouse wall coverings help to keep pests, insects, and other unwanted organisms out of the growing area. This reduces the risk of pest infestations and disease transmission, leading to healthier plants and higher crop yields.
- Enhanced Light Transmission: Transparent or translucent polyhouse wall coverings allow sunlight to enter the structure, providing plants with ample natural light. Light is crucial for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy for growth. Polyhouse wall coverings optimize light transmission, ensuring plants receive sufficient light for optimal development.
Temperature Regulation: Polyhouse wall coverings are vital in regulating the temperature within the polyhouse. They act as insulators, trapping heat inside during colder periods and preventing excessive heat buildup during hot seasons. This insulation helps to maintain an optimal temperature range for plant growth, even in regions with extreme climates.
- Extended Growing Season: With polyhouse wall coverings, it is possible to extend the growing season by creating a controlled environment. This allows for the cultivation of plants outside their normal seasonal window, enabling farmers to produce crops year-round or grow crops that are not typically suited to the local climate.
- Water Conservation: Polyhouse wall coverings reduce water loss through evaporation by providing a sheltered environment. This can lead to more efficient water usage, as moisture is retained within the polyhouse, and plants require less frequent irrigation.
- Increased Crop Yield and Quality: By providing a favourable and controlled environment, polyhouse wall coverings can significantly enhance crop yields and improve the quality of harvested produce. Consistent light exposure, temperature regulation, and protection from pests and diseases contribute to healthier plants and higher-quality crops.
- Flexibility and Customization: Polyhouse wall coverings come in various materials and designs, allowing for customization based on specific crop requirements and environmental conditions. Farmers can choose the most suitable wall coverings for their particular needs, optimizing plant growth and productivity.
Overall, polyhouse wall coverings create a protected and optimized environment for plant cultivation, leading to improved crop yields, better quality products, and more sustainable farming practices.
Comparison of different types of polyhouse wall coverings
Here’s a comparison table of different types of polyhouse wall coverings:
|Polyhouse Wall Covering||Advantages||Disadvantages||Light Transmission||Insulation Properties||Durability||Cost|
|Polyethene Film||Cost-effective, lightweight, flexible||Limited lifespan, susceptible to tearing and punctures||Varies based on film thickness and quality||Low insulation properties||Moderate||Low|
|Polycarbonate Sheets||Durable, impact-resistant, excellent light transmission||Higher cost compared to film or acrylic panels||High light transmission can be clear or opaque||Good insulation properties help maintain the temperature||High||Moderate to high|
|Acrylic Panels||High transparency, lightweight, weather-resistant||Less impact-resistant compared to polycarbonate||Excellent light transmission, minimal light loss||Moderate insulation properties||Moderate||Moderate to high|
|Glass||Excellent light transmission, durable||Heavy, expensive, require additional support structures||High light transmission||Good insulation properties||High||High|
Please note that the advantages, disadvantages, light transmission, insulation properties, durability, and cost can vary based on the specific brand, quality, and thickness of the materials used.
It’s important to consider factors such as budget, climate, desired light transmission, insulation needs, and durability requirements when selecting the most suitable polyhouse wall covering for your specific application.
Factors to consider when selecting polyhouse wall coverings
When selecting polyhouse wall coverings, there are several factors to consider. Here are the main factors categorized under subheadings with bullet points:
1. Environmental Factors:
- Climate: Consider the local climate, including temperature ranges, humidity levels, and exposure to extreme weather conditions.
- Sunlight: Assess the availability of sunlight in your location and the light requirements of the plants you intend to cultivate.
2. Material Characteristics:
- Light Transmission: Evaluate the amount of light transmission the wall covering material provides.
- Insulation Properties: Consider the material’s insulation properties, including heat retention and resistance to temperature fluctuations.
- Durability: Assess the longevity and resistance to wear, tear, and environmental factors such as UV degradation.
- Structural Support: Determine if additional support structures are required based on the weight and characteristics of the chosen wall covering.
3. Plant-specific Factors:
- Crop Requirements: Consider the specific light, temperature, and humidity needs of the plants you plan to grow.
- Growth Stage: Evaluate if the wall covering material can accommodate the growth and expansion of plants throughout their lifecycle.
- Pest Control: Assess the material’s ability to prevent pest intrusion and protect plants from common pests in your area.
4. Operational Considerations:
- Installation and Maintenance: Consider the ease of installation, repair, and maintenance of the chosen wall covering material.
- Cost: Evaluate the material’s initial investment and long-term cost-effectiveness, including energy savings and potential replacement costs.
- Availability: Determine the availability and accessibility of the chosen wall covering material in your area.
By considering these factors, you can make an informed decision when selecting the most suitable polyhouse wall covering for your specific needs, ensuring optimal growing conditions and maximizing the success of your cultivation endeavours.
The impact of polyhouse wall coverings on light transmission and plant growth
Polyhouse wall coverings significantly impact light transmission and plant growth within the structure. Here’s a discussion on how different wall coverings can affect these factors:
- Polyethene Film: The light transmission of polyethene film can vary based on its thickness and quality. Generally, it allows a good amount of natural sunlight to enter the polyhouse, providing plants with the necessary light for photosynthesis. However, some films may result in minor light diffusion or colour distortion, affecting the quality of light reaching the plants.
- Polycarbonate Sheets: Polycarbonate sheets offer excellent light transmission properties. They allow a high percentage of natural sunlight to penetrate the polyhouse, producing optimal plant light exposure. Their transparency and clarity enable maximum light transmission without significant loss or distortion.
- Acrylic Panels: Acrylic panels are known for their high transparency, allowing maximum light penetration into the polyhouse. They typically offer excellent light transmission and minimal light loss, providing plants with ample sunlight for photosynthesis.
- Glass: Glass also provides high light transmission, allowing abundant natural sunlight into the polyhouse. Its clarity ensures minimal light loss or distortion, allowing plants to receive optimal light for growth.
- Light Intensity: The amount and intensity of light plants receive directly impact their growth. Polyhouse wall coverings that facilitate high-light transmission contribute to vigorous growth and development. Plants receiving sufficient light tend to have stronger stems, better leaf development, and increased photosynthetic activity.
- Light Quality: Different wall coverings may affect the quality of light reaching the plants. Some materials, such as acrylic panels and : polycarbonate sheets, generally offer a more balanced light spectrum, allowing plants to receive the necessary wavelengths for optimal growth. This can positively influence factors like flowering, fruiting, and overall plant health.
- Light Distribution: The design and properties of polyhouse wall coverings can influence how light is distributed within the structure. Wall coverings that effectively distribute light uniformly across the plants can ensure even growth and minimize shading effects.
It’s important to note that while light transmission is crucial, other factors like temperature, humidity, and nutrient availability also play significant roles in plant growth. Therefore, achieving a balanced environment by considering all these factors is essential for maximizing plant growth and productivity within a polyhouse.