Hydroponic farming, also known as aquaponic farming, has been around since the late 19th century, but it has seen an increase in popularity in recent years.
Hydroponic farming uses plants that are grown without soil in water enriched with nutrients, while aquaponic farming integrates hydroponics with raising fish or other animals, producing two products simultaneously.
Not only does this type of farming help to conserve natural resources, but it can also be easier on your budget and on the planet overall.
1) Why Use Hydroponics?
It is a system used for growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. Essentially, hydroponics uses a medium to deliver nutrients directly to plant roots.
There are two types of hydroponic systems: ebb and flow and reservoir. In ebb and flow, there is no solid medium, just a tank that fills with nutrient solution from an external source.
The plants sit above it on platforms or stands where their roots dangle into (and absorb nutrients from) whatever’s in there.
2) How does Hydroponics Work?
Plants absorb water through their roots, but they also need a healthy dose of nutrients to grow big and strong. That’s where hydroponics comes in. In a hydroponic system, plants grow their roots in water that has been mixed with nutrient-rich substances that feed them as they grow.
These systems can be simple or sophisticated, from low-tech setups involving basic materials you might find around your house to high-tech growing chambers used by professional farmers.